During the second half of the twentieth century cognitive psychologists discovered that humans’ thoughts and decisions often deviate from normative rules posited by classical theories of inference.
However, these deviations should not be considered “errors” or “fallacies”: as has been demonstrated, some of those deviations may be either consistent heuristics that are succesful in the environments in which humans have evolved, or biases caused by a lack of adaptation to abstract information formats.
Humans, as the economist and psychologist Herbert Simon claimed, do not usually optimize, but rather satisfice, even when solving problem. And satisficing methods can often be described in terms of smart heuristics.
The ABC Retreat in 2020 was dedicated to the natural bridge between heuristics and mathematics education.
BLOCKS OF THE TALKS: LINK